genere (grammaticale) | genre (grammatical) | Genus
Grammatical gender is a grammatical property, which assigns morphological paradigmatic series to groups (cf. Corbett 1991, 4) based on criteria that partly rely on semantic properties (the so-called natural gender) and that has reflections on syntactic patterns such as alignment. When a word is borrowed, it requires re-encoding in order to be adapted to the morphology of the target language: this re-encoding includes the assignment of a gender, provided that the target language has gender categories.
Corbett, G.G. 1991. Gender, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.